Getting Started Guide for DM8168 Z3 RPS

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Contents

Introduction

On this page you are going to find all the necessary information to start from scratch to use the RidgeRun SDK on your DM8168 Z3 module. In the following sections we assume that you have already downloaded the EZSDK version 5.02.02.60 and that you have installed the toolchain 2009q1-203 from codesourcery as well as your DM8168 SDK following the steps on The RidgeRun installation guide.

The first section of this guide shows you how to install the EZSDK for DM8168 on your computer and how to configure a TFTP and NFS server. Subsequently, the second section contains instructions about how to configure the RidgeRun's SDK to create a SD card with all software components (uboot, kernel and filesystem) needed to boot to Linux Shell in your Z3 hardware. Using this SD card in the third and fourth section of this guide, you will be able to install on NAND images created by the SDK for kernel, uboot as well as your filesystem (JFFS2, UBI, NFS are available). Using the SD card created on the second section to flash the SDK in your module is just an option because you could try to use the installer of the RidgeRun's SDK with the uboot version that is running by default in a new Z3 module, however, we cannot guaranty that it will work as we expect, hence, we recommend to use the SD card instead. Finally, how to run opemax demos to encode and decode 1080p/h264 videos and some pipelines using gstreamer + openMax are shown.

On the rest of this document, we refer as $(DEVDIR) to the path where the RidgeRun SDK for DM8168 is installed

Basic preliminary work

Installing the EZSDK

1. Set the ezsdk binary as executable and set correct permissions

 sudo chmod 777 ezsdk_dm816x-evm_5_02_02_60_setuplinux

2. Install EZSDK. For ubuntu versions different than Ubuntu 10.04 LTS 32-bit you will need to add the --force-host argument to install it:

 ./ezsdk_dm816x-evm_5_02_02_60_setuplinux --force-host

note: During the EZSDK installation process you will be asked for the toolchain's path, assuming that you installed it on /opt, the path that you need to provide is /opt/codesourcery/arm-2009q1/bin/

Setting up serial access to the Linux console

You use the serial port to control u-boot and Linux. The picocom terminal emulator work well for this purpose.

Setting up Picocom - Ubuntu

Setting up a TFTP server

If you are planning to use the SDK's installer to install images generated by the SDK in NAND, installing a TFTP server you will speed up downloads to the target hardware by using TFTP.

Setting Up A Tftp Service

Setting up an NFS server

For application development, it is convenient to use root NFS mount file system for the target hardware. This allows you to rebuild your application on the host and immediately run the application on the target hardware with no interveining steps. You host PC needs to be configured as a NFS server for this in order to work properly.

Setting Up A NFS Service

Booting from a SD card

Setting up your Z3 module to boot from SD card

In order to boot from a SD card you need to set the MMC as the first boot device to try in the DM8168 boot sequence, this can be done configuring a correct BTMODE through the header called J20 in your Z3 module (see Fig. 1)

Figure 1. Dip switch to control boot mode (SD card)‎
Figure 1. Dip switch to control boot mode (SD card)

Configuring SDK to deploy firmware to a SD card

This section describes how to configure the DM8168's SDK to deploy all basic firmware components (kernel, uboot and MLO) into a bootable SD card. The RidgeRun SDK support several filesystem types (JFFS2, NFS, etc) however in this case we are going to use it on the SD card as well.

1. Set your environment variables

  cd $(DEVDIR)
 `make env`

2. Open a make config menu

 make config

running make config your SDK is going to download all basic packages needed by the SDK build system.

3. Go to Installer Configuration submenu and configure your installer as is shown in Fig.2

Figure 2. Installer configuration to deploy firmware to an SD card‎
Figure 2. Installer configuration to deploy firmware to an SD card

Using the Firmware deployment mode submenu you can set how to deploy your kernel, uboot and filesystem image into your target board. There are three options in this submenu: Attached board on communication port, Deploy all the firmware to an SD card and Create an SD card installer for flash memory.


4. Go to File System Configuration submenu and configure your filesystem as is shown in Fig.3

Figure 3. File system configuration to use it on the SD‎
Figure 3. File system configuration to use it on the SD‎

5. Compile your SDK

 make

Installing SDK's firmware to a SD card

Once you have built your SDK, you need to install it on the SD card running make install, but before to issue this command you need to unmount your SD card, otherwise the SDK won't let you install it (in order to avoid to erase information in some of your hard disks). Let's suppose that the environment variable called $(SDNAME) contains your mount point's name.

 umount /media/$(SDNAME)
 cd $(DEVDIR)
 make install

you will be asked to confirm the device that you are going to partition and format, please enter yes if it is correct. After this, the SDK will start to create a bootable SD card

Now you are ready to test your SDK booting from a SD card. Two partitions were created by the SDK: boot partition which contains the kernel, uboot and MLO image and the rootfs partition with your file system. It's important to notice that the environment of uboot is located in a *.txt file in the partition called boot, which allows you to modify it easily.

Booting from NAND

This section describes how to configure the DM8168's SDK to install the SDK's firmware in NAND as well as how to set up your Z3 module to boot from NAND. First, we are going to start flashing uboot in NAND using the SD card created in the above section, once uboot is running properly from NAND, we can start installing the kernel and finally your filesystem.

Configuring SDK to install firmware in NAND

1. Set your environment variables

 cd $(DEVDIR)
 `make env`

2. Open a make config menu

 make config

3. Go to Installer Configuration submenu and configure your installer as is shown in Fig.4

Figure 4. Installer configuration to deploy firmware in NAND‎
Figure 4. Installer configuration to deploy firmware in NAND


In this case, you must use the Attached board on communication port method, this will allow you to install all your firmware directly in nand by means of a serial port or by ethernet using a TFTP server. Here we are going to use a TFTP server and telnet as our communication method with the target board.


3.1 Go to the Communication method with the target board and select Telnet-serial adaptor

3.2 Configure the protocol to transfer images as TFTP

3.3 Set the IP address of your host machine in IP address of telnet-serial adaptor

3.4 Set the port number that you assigned in the telnet configuration file to the serial port where your EVM is connected in Network port of telnet-serial adaptor

4. Close the make config menu and save your changes.

Configuring your Filesystem type

The RidgeRun SDK for DM8168 EVM supports different filesystem types: UBI, JFFS, NFS and also as we mentioned before you can use it in your SD card as well. In this tutorial we are going to use UBI as our default filesystem.

1. Set your environment variables

 cd $(DEVDIR)
 `make env`

2. Open a make config menu

 make config

3. Go to the File System Configuration->File system image target and choose UBIFS volume. Please be sure that UBIFS sub-page size is set to 512.

4. Save your changes and compile your SDK

 make

Flashing uboot, kernel and filesystem in NAND

1.Boot the RidgeRun SDK using the SD card created in the first section of this guide and stop the uboot countdown. Close your Picocom, minicom or telnet session.

U-Boot 2010.06 (Sep 27 2011 - 11:47:52)

DRAM:  2 GiB
Using default environment

Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
mmc1 is available
reading u-boot.bin

185432 bytes read
## Starting application at 0x80800000 ...


U-Boot 2010.06 (Sep 27 2011 - 11:48:05)

TI8168-GP rev 1.1

ARM clk: 987MHz
DDR clk: 796MHz

I2C:   ready
DRAM:  2 GiB
NAND:  256 MiB
*** Warning - booting from SD, using default environment

:,;;:;:;;;;;;;;r;;:,;;:;:;;;;;;;;:,;;:;:;;;;;;;;:,;;:;:;;;;;;;;:;;;;;;;;:,;;:;:
;,;:::;;;;r;;;rssiSiS552X5252525259GX2X9hX9X9XX2325S55252i5:,;;:;:;;;;;;;;:,;;:
;:;;;;;;;rrssSsS52S22h52299GGAAMHMM#BBH#B#HMM#HMBA&&XX2255S2S5Si:,;;:;:;;;;;;;;
;:;;r;;rsrrriiXS5S329&A&MH#BMB#A&9XXA252GXiSXX39AAMMMBB&G22S5i2SSiiiisi:,;;:;:;
;;;;;r;rr2iisiih393HB#B#AA99i22irrrX3X52AGsisss2Xii2299HBMA&X2S5S5iSiisSsi:,;;:
r:r;rrsrsihXSi2&##MHB&Ahh3AGHGA9G9h&#H##@@@##MAMMXXX9SSS29&&HGGX2i5iisiiisisi:,
;;rrrrsSiiiA&ABH&A9GAGhAhBAMHA9HM@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@HHhAh2S2SX9&Gh22SSiisiiisii
r:rrssisiS2XM##&h3AGAX&3GG3Ssr5H@M#HM2; ;2X&&&MHMB###GBB#B&XXSSs529XX55iSsisisi
r;rsrisSi2XHAhX99A3XXG&&XS;:,rH#HGhAS   @@@@3rs2XBM@@A552&&AHA2XiisSS252SSsisSs
r;issi5S22&&3iSSX292&hXsr;;:;h@&G339&S9@@@@2@MA&9&HB##Xris29ABMAAX2ir;rsSi5iss5
rrsSi2XhG&9GXh399&X99i;;;;;;r#H&293H9X#@@@@@@@B&9GhAH@XrrsrsiXABHB&HG2rr;rrSiSi
;:rsisS599&AA9XG&3A35r;:::;,;BMh&&2iX5A@@@@@@@&392X5GB2;;;r;iSX393A##A&Xi:::rsi
;:rss552222X553&XHMhir;;::,:,h#HhGSXhG3#@@@@#AXXS2XAHA;::;;;;ss55XShBA3239r:,;;
r;ii2S5SSi2i53hirsh2srr::,,,,;MMXX359&Ah3h&Si59SX99A#i:,::::;;sri2,.2r;:SGAr;,:
;:;rrrrssiriXGSi::shs;;;,,,:,,rBBA9h5s5h5iS5isi2SAHB5:,,,:::;rrs5&SrisSX5Srrr:,
;,r;;;;rsriSSrrrr;;5Xrr;;,:,,.,;9AA2SsisS5323XXXG9&i:.,,::;;r;;;srrrrrr;;:;::::
:,;r;r;rrissrrr;:;::;s;;;;,:,,..,r293h222hXXAAGGGX;:,,,:,:,::;:;::,:,,,,...,,,,
;,;;;;rrrrrrrrirr;,.,,:::::::,,,,.,;SX&ABAB2hhXir:,,.,,.,,:,,,,..,,,..,..,,,..:
:.:;:;;;:;;;;r;rrs;:.. ,,:::::,:,:,,.::rrsrr;;,,.......,..,....,,,,,,,...,.,,:,
:.:::,::::::;;r;rrr;:.......,.,.,,:::,,...............,,::.,,,,:,::,,:,:,,,:,;:
,.::,:,,,,,;;;;;;;;r;;::,..............................;;;:;::::,:::::::,:,:,,,
: ,,:,,,,,,,,,,,,,:;rrr;;:;,,,,,,,::,.,.:.,.,;s,:;;;;:;:;;;;;::::,:::,:::,:,:,:
,.,,,,,,,...,,.,,....................................:,............:,,,:,:,,,,,

Net:   <ethaddr> not set. Reading from E-fuse
Detected MACID:90:d7:eb:20:62:b4
Ethernet PHY: GENERIC @ 0x01
DaVinci EMAC
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
TI8168_EVM#

2.Run make installbootloader to install uboot in NAND

 make installbootloader

There is a known issue running the make installbootloader command when your Z3 module is initially running uboot from a SD card, in this case you will see the following error once the installer has flashed your uboot in NAND:

  Ridgerun Linux SDK
  Board configuration: DM8168 Z3 Module
  Multi-core machine, using 6 out of 8 cores for building
 
  Installation system of uboot images over TFTP for host <yourIPaddress>
  Be sure u-boot is running on <yourIpAddress>:<yourTelnetPort> and no process (like termnet) is using it
  Press return to continue...

  Performing handshake with u-boot...

  Trying to identify NAND block size... detected 0x20000
  Trying to identify NAND Page size... detected 2048

  Loading upgrade bootloader...
    Uboot <= setenv bootcmd
    Uboot <= saveenv
  Configuring the network...
    Uboot <= setenv autoload no
    Uboot <= dhcp
    Uboot <= setenv serverip <yourTFTPServerIP>
    Uboot <= setenv autostart no
     cp -f $(DEVDIR)/images/bootloader /srv/tftp/bootloader.$(USER).$(DEVDIRNAME).dm8168
    Uboot <= tftp 0x82000000 bootloader.$(USER).$(DEVDIRNAME).dm8168
  Running upgrade bootloader...
    Uboot <= icache off
    Uboot => go 0x82000000

  Performing handshake with u-boot...

  Restoring previous bootcmd value
    Uboot <= setenv bootcmd 'if mmc init 0; then if run loadbootenv ; then run importbootenv ; if test -n ${uenvcmd} ; then run uenvcmd; fi ;fi ;else run nandboot;fi'
    Uboot <= saveenv
  Building UBOOT_MIN image for flash...
  Building U-boot image for flash...
  Loading UBOOT_MIN
  Configuring the network...
    Uboot <= setenv autoload no
    Uboot <= dhcp
    Uboot <= setenv serverip <yourTFTPServerIP>
    Uboot <= setenv autostart no
     cp -f $(DEVDIR)/images/u-boot.noxip.bin /srv/tftp/u-boot.noxip.bin.$(USER).$(DEVDIRNAME).dm8168
    Uboot <= tftp 0x82000000 u-boot.noxip.bin.$(USER).$(DEVDIRNAME).dm8168
  Erasing UBOOT_MIN flash space...
    Uboot <= nand erase 0x0 0x40000
    Uboot <= nandecc hw 2
    Uboot <= nand write 0x82000000 0x0 0x40000
    Uboot <= nandecc sw
  Loading U-Boot
  Configuring the network...
    Uboot <= setenv autoload no
    Uboot <= dhcp
    Uboot <= setenv serverip <yourTFTPServerIP>
    Uboot <= setenv autostart no
     cp -f $(DEVDIR)/images/bootloader.nandbin /srv/tftp/bootloader.nandbin.$(USER).$(DEVDIRNAME).dm8168
    Uboot <= tftp 0x82000000 bootloader.nandbin.$(USER).$(DEVDIRNAME).dm8168
  Erasing U-Boot flash space...
    Uboot <= nand erase 0x40000 0x40000
    Uboot <= nand write 0x82000000 0x40000 0x40000
  Restarting u-boot

  Error: failed to detect u-boot restarting.                                                             

make: *** [installbootloader] Error 255

However, uboot is flashed in nand properly. Please ignore this error, this will be fixed in the next release.

3.Turn off your Z3 module and configure it to boot from NAND (please see Setting up your Z3 module to boot from NAND). Turn on your module and repeat step 1.

4. Now, to install your kernel and filesytem run make install

 make install

Now you have installed all the SDK components in your DM8168 Z3 module and you should be able to boot to Linux shell and see the logo of RigeRun on the HDMI output. The RidgeRun SDK for DM8168 Z3 module loads automatically all the firmware and kernel modules needed to use the video processor subsystem.

Setting up your Z3 module to boot from NAND

In order to boot from a NAND you need to set it as the first boot device to try in the DM8168 boot sequence, this can be done configuring a correct BTMODE through the header called J20 in your Z3 module (see Fig. 5)

Figure 5. Dip switch to control boot mode (NAND)‎
Figure 5. Dip switch to control boot mode (NAND)

OpenMax Demos

To run the openMax's demos that are located by default in your filesystem in a directory called omx you need to run first the following commands in your Z3 module

Video initialization

echo 0 > /sys/devices/platform/vpss/graphics0/enabled 
echo 0 > /sys/devices/platform/vpss/graphics1/enabled
echo 0 > /sys/devices/platform/vpss/graphics2/enabled

note: To run the decode display/encode demo with a 1080p video we recommend to use your filesystem by NFS due to the size of the input and output file.

Decode display demo

This demo is the decode-display demo included in the EZSDK. It takes an input file encoded in H264, decodes the stream and sends the output to the HDMI output

./omx/decode_display_a8host_debug.xv5T -i inputFile.h264 -w 1920 -h 1080 -f 60 -g 0

Capture encode demo

This demo is the capture-encode demo included in the EZSDK. It takes an input video streaming from the component input (case 720p) of the daughter card (marked as J5J6J7) and encodes it in H264, the output is displayed through the HDMI output.

echo 720p-60 >/sys/devices/platform/vpss/display0/mode
./omx/capture_encode_a8host_debug.xv5T -o sample.h264 -m 720p -f 60 -b 1000000 -n 1000

Using Gstreamer

Some examples of use of GStreamer to implement basic multimedia pipelines can be found at DM81xx GStreamer Pipelines - SDK 2011Q2. Please be aware that in order to display video you need to do the Video initialization

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RidgeRun 2011Q2 SDK User Guide
EZSDK Memory Map
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TMS320DM816x DaVinci Digital Media Processor
Technical Reference Manual
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